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Setting up a working environment on Windows 10

This article will help you set up a React Native working environment on the Windows 10 operating system. ::: note At all stages of installation, the user must have Administrator rights and be connected to the Internet. ::: The instructions depend on your operating system and on which mobile OS (Android or iOS) you decide to develop the application. This article is focused on Windows development OS, Android Studio development environment and Android mobile OS.

Step00

Installing Chocolatey

Chocolatey — package manager in Windows, similar to apt-get in Linux, which allows you to install Node, Python2, etc. The Chocolatey package manager is installed via the PowerShell console shell. To launch PowerShell on the Start button, call the context menu (by pressing the right mouse button) and select the itemWindows PowerShell (administrator).

001

Alternative option

Next to the Start menu, the Search button -> enter PowerShell and select Run as administrator through the context menu.

This will open PowerShell in console mode. To check the possibility of running scripts from third-party manufacturers, enter the command:

Get-ExecutionPolicy

Chocolatey

By default, the use of third-party scripts is Restricted. Let's enable the execution of third-party scripts with the command:

 Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process

Execution of the command will require confirmation, we answer with the symbol Y (Yes).

``PowerShell``

Let's check the unlocking of running scripts from the console with the previous command:

Get-ExecutionPolicy

If successful, the response will be Bypass.

Bypass

Now you can use third party scripts. Install the package manager Chocolatey with the following command:

Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))

After the download of Chocolatey has finished, you can check that the package is installed correctly. Enter the command into PowerShell:

choco

or more precisely

choco -v

choco

At the time of this writing, version Chocolatey v0.10.15.

Step01

Installing Node, Python2, JDK packages

Let's start installing Node, Python2 and JDK packages via PowerShell with the command:

choco install -y nodejs.install python2 openjdk8
Note

choco - manager

Install - package installation key

-y - switch (yes) to automatically install packages

nodejs.install, python2, openjdk8 - the name of the installed packages.

choco

The download and installation of the packages will begin. After installing each package, there will be a corresponding message stating that it was installed successfully.

Step02

Installing Android Studio

The version of Android Studio at the time of this writing is 4.0.1. Download and install Android Studio. During installation, make sure the items are selected:

  • Android SDK
  • Android SDK Platform
  • Android Virtual Device

We recommend using the standard installation paths.

::: danger Attention Installation requires about 40 GB of free space on the C: drive. You can install the package on the D: drive, but then you need to change the user's environment variables. ::: Then click the Next button to install all these components.

Installing the Android SDK

Android Studio by default suggests installing the latest stable version of the Android SDK to create a React Native application using native code (at the time of this writing, the recommended version of Android SDK Platform is 29.0.2).

In the initial Android Studio window, open the Configure section at the bottom right.

Android Studio

Choose an item SDK Manager.

Android Studio

In the Android SDK subsection of the SDK Platforms tab in the lower right corner, check the Show Package Details checkbox. Find and expand the list for Android 10 (Q), and make sure the following items are checked:

  • Android SDK Platform 29
  • Intel x86 Atom_64 System Image и/или Google APIs Intel x86 Atom System Image

Then select the SDK Tools tab and also check the box next to Show Package Details.

SDK Manager

Find and expand the entry for Android SDK Build-Tools, make sure the version is 29.0.2.

SDK Manager

Finally, click on Apply to download and install the Android SDK and related build tools.

Step03

Setting environment variables

The React Native tools require setting some environment variables in order to create applications using native code. Open Windows Control Panel.

Control panel

Click on User Accounts, then click on User Accounts again.

User

Click on Change my environment variables.

Path

Click the New ... button to add a new user variable, ANDROID_HOME, indicating the path to your Android SDK. Then press the button Browse directory ... and select the installation directory Android SDK, by default it is% LOCALAPPDATA% \ Android \ Sdk. ::: info Note The path to the Android SDK can be found in the settings item SDK Manager. :::

Path

Click OK.

In the same place, add the paths to the platform tools to the variable Path.

  1. Select the variable Path.
  2. Click the Change ... button.
  3. Click the New button and add the path to the installed platform tools to the list. The default location for this folder %LOCALAPPDATA%\Android\Sdk\platform-tools.

Path

We check the change in the parameters of the environments in PowerShell with the command:

Get-ChildItem -Path Env:\
Note

If the paths have not been updated, you need to restart the computer and check again.

Step04

Setting up the emulator

In order to create or configure the emulator, while on the main window of Android Studio, select the item Configure -> AVD Manager.

AVD Manager

Then press the button Create Virtual Device...,

AVD Manager

select the model of the emulated smartphone (for example, Pixel 2) and press the button Next.

Pixel2

In the window that opens, in the Release Name column, select Q Download (Download is a link to download the selected emulator image), download and installation will start automatically. At the time of creating the instructions, the recommended API Level 29, check the current version during installation.

Q Downloader

Then click the button Next-> Finish. You can check the operation of the emulator by clicking on the green button in the shape of a triangle, an interface in the form of a smartphone should appear.

Next

Connecting a real Android device

If you have problems with the emulator, don't despair, you can use a real smartphone. To do this, you need to become a developer in your smartphone. To do this, go to the smartphone settings and select the item About the device Next, you need to find the itemVersion ...and press 5-7 until the inscription" You have become a developer "appears. We connect the smartphone via a USB cable and, depending on the firmware, turn on the USB debugging mode. For each firmware, the activation algorithm is different from each other. More.

Step05

Creating a React Native Project

React Native has a built-in command line interface that you can use to create a new project. You can access it with the npx command that ships with Node.js.

Let's create a new React Native project called MyProject.

To create a project on React Native, you need to run PowerShell as administrator, then in it using the cd command go to the folder with your future project (for example: cd D: \ MyProjects). Next, enter the command:

npx react-native init MyReact

react-native init

Step06

Launching React Native

First, you need to run Metro Bundler, the JavaScript builder that comes with React Native. Metro" takes an input file and various parameters and returns a single JavaScript file that includes all your code and its dependencies.". - Metro Docs.

To start Metro Bundler, run the npx react-native start command in PowerShell in the folder with your created project (for example: cd D:\MyProjects\MyReact) :

cd d:\MyProjects\MyReact
npx react-native start

react-native start

This command will run the Metro Bundler and compile the project. ::: danger Attention In the future, do not close the first PowerShell window with Metro Bundler, but you can minimize it to the background. :::

Launch application

To start your React Native project, open the second PowerShell window and go to the folder with your project by executing the commands:

cd d:\MyProjects\MyReact
npx react-native run-android
info

The Emulator will start or we connect a real smartphone with USB debugging enabled to view the result.

react-native run-android

A welcome screen should appear on the emulator or smartphone screen React Native.

React Native

Step07

Editing Code in an Application - Hello World

To edit the code, open the project folder with any code editor (we recommend Visual Studio Code). We start editing with the file App.js. When changing and saving the code, Ctrl + S, the interface of our application is automatically updated on the emulator screen.

Paste the following code into the App.js file and click Ctrl + S:

import React from 'react'
import { StyleSheet, Text } from 'react-native'

const App = () => {
return (
<>
<Text style={styles.h1}>Hello World</Text>
</>
)
}

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
h1: {
backgroundColor: '#BEFCE5',
color: '#000',
fontSize: 25,
fontWeight: '700',
padding: 20,
textAlign: 'center'
}
})

export default App

On a screen with a light background, an inscription appears in the top center «Hello World».

Hello World

It's that simple!

To see how well you learned this lesson, take the test in the mobile application of our school on this topic or in the telegram bot.

Sumerian school

  1. React Native, official documentation
  2. Установка Chocolatey, official documentation
  3. Android Studio, official site
  4. Visual Studio Code, official site
  5. Metro, official documentation

Contributors ✨

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):


Philipp Dvinyaninov

📖

Alexey Popovcev

📖

Dmitriy Vasilev

💵

Dmitriy K.

🧑‍🏫

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